Research

Periodic Arab research publications.

In 2020, Arab Research & Advocacy Bureau signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS) and the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (MAECI).

We are now working collaboratively on publications that survey young Arab attitudes towards their futures and subsequently identify the precise future challenges that young Arabs face, along with subsequent recommendations.

Through distributing and presenting our Arab youth surveys to various governmental and non-governmental organisations (NGOs), we intend for our recommendations to be implemented by policymakers attempting to enact positive change in the Middle-East and North Africa (MENA) region.

En 2020, Bureau de Recherche et de Support Arabe a signé un protocole d’entente avec l’Institut d’Études de Sécurité de l’Union Européenne et le Ministère Italien des Affaires Étrangères et de la Coopération Internationale.

Nous travaillons maintenant en collaboration sur des publications qui examinent les attitudes des jeunes arabes envers leur avenir afin d’identifier par la suite les futurs enjeux auxquels les jeunes arabes sont confrontés. Nous proposons également des recommandations.

En distribuant et en présentant nos enquêtes sur les jeunes arabes à diverses organisations gouvernementales et non gouvernementales, nous souhaitons que nos recommandations soient mises en œuvre par les décideurs politiques qui tentent d’apporter des changements positifs dans la région du Moyen-Orient et de l’Afrique du Nord.

1. Arab Youth Survey I (AYS1, October 2021)

Focus countries

28 survey respondents of EgyptMoroccan, Libyan and Palestinian origin.

Key takeaway points

  • Improve female sanitary facilities in public places (Morocco and Libya) – Lack of adequate health infrastructure in rural areas in combination with a lack of sanitation facilities reported for rural schools exclude young females from the education process and from full integration into wider society. This results in a different lived experience in Morocco and Libya for youths who identify as Amazigh (who tend to live in rural areas) and youths who identify as Arab (who tend to live in metropolitan areas). Given the correlation between literacy and employment, we believe that exclusion from the education system as a result of poor sanitary conditions can result in rural Libyan and Moroccan females having a reduced ability to impact their futures as they become adults. That is, regardless of the extent to which they believe that they can impact their futures.
  • Improve mental health awareness and services (all countries) – Before any productive moves can be made to include those with disabilities in employment and decision-making roles, we also identify a need for greater circulation of marketing materials and advertising campaigns relating to mental health awareness. We believe that there may be many youths in all four AYS1 focus countries who have not been diagnosed with mental health issues relating to trauma, including depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and may not therefore be receiving the adequate care and resources that they require. This is especially the case in countries with ongoing conflict such as Libya and Palestine.
  • Introduce compulsory and progressive citizenship modules to national curricula (Egypt and Palestine) – In spite of a lived experience of trauma reported by AYS1 survey respondents from Palestine, youths from this country express a sensed ability to influence their futures, but believe that there is a vacuum for political representation that excludes more marginalised Palestinians from decision-making processes. This vacuum is also communicated by youths from Egypt despite these youths equally believing that they can impact their futures. Again, we emphasise a distinction between survey respondents who believe that they can impact their futures and their actual lived abilities to impact their futures. In order to address the vacuum of political representation in Egypt and Palestine, we recommend changes to national curricula in order to educate future generations about the importance of diversity and the various methods of identifying different forms of conscious and unconscious institutional discrimination. Without this more considered approach to fostering inclusion, representative quotas at all employment levels risk becoming misused by more elite factions of society who undermine and dismiss these quotas as “unnecessary” and “inconvenient” bureaucracy.